Sunday, September 14, 2014

4-year survey of Stonehenge landscape reveals hidden monuments

4-year survey of Stonehenge landscape reveals hidden monuments

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There are many mysteries surrounding the ancient monuments at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. Researchers in Britain, working with experts at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology in Austria

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September 10, 2014

It may sound a bit cliche, but in this case it’s true. Following a multi-year survey of the landscape around Stonehenge, one of Britain’s most famous (and mysterious) monuments, scientists have discovered that there’s much more than meets the eye sitting below the surface of Salisbury Plain.

The survey, the results of which were revealed at the BritishScience Festival this week after a study spanning four years, was done by a team from the UK’s University of Birmingham and Austria’s Ludwig Boltzmann Institute as part of The StonehengeHidden Landscapes Project. Using non-invasive techniques such as ground-penetrating radar that don’t affect the 10-square kilometer site’s physical landscape, the archaeologists have found that Stonehenge was actually part of a large complex of Neolithic shrines and monuments.

17 new underground shrines were “uncovered” in the survey, including several burial mounds. Inside one burial monument known as a long barrow is what looks like a timber structure, which is suspected to have been used for the ritual of removing flesh and organs, leaving only bones (known as “defleshing”), and burying the dead. Researchers also studied the Stonehenge Cursus, a nearby large enclosure thought to date back to about 3500 B.C., and found a large pit on either end. Project leader Vincent Gaffney says each pit lines up with a particular spot at Stonehenge and that the paths created each line up with the sunrise or sunset during the mid-summer solstice.

Over at the Durrington Walls site, meanwhile, the radar detected about 60 holes set roughly two meters (about six and a half feet) apart that appear to have held stone or timber pillars. Since the holes are set in a large circle, the team is calling the previously-unseen structure a “super henge.” A few of the stones are still buried and look as though they’ve been pushed over, which Gaffney says may support evidence that people in some ancient cultures sometimes pushed over or rearranged monuments.
“It’s extraordinary to think that there have been so many investigations of this landscape and of the land that we’re standing on now and nobody before has previously suspected all of these pits,” Dr. Nicola Snashall of the National Trust told BBC News.

From here, the team will process all of the information it collected, which could reportedly take about a year to sift through. LiveScience notes Wednesday that the governmental body English Heritage will likely then decide what parts of the complex should be excavated. The findings will also be featured in the TV special "Operation Stonehenge: What Lies Beneath," scheduled to air Thursday on Britain’s BBC Two.

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How to Digitally Record/Video a UFO sighting:

Como registar digitalmente ou gravar um vídeo de um avistamento de um UFO:

Stabilize the camera on a tripod. If there is no tripod, then set it on top of a stable, flat surface. If that is not possible lean against a wall to stabilize your body and prevent the camera from filming in a shaky, unsteady manner.

Estabilize a camera com um tripé. Se não tiver um tripé, então coloque-a em cima de uma superfície estável. Se não for possível, então encoste-se a uma parede para estabilizar o corpo e evitar que a camera registe de maneira tremida e instável.

Provide visual reference points for comparison. This includes the horizon, treetops, lampposts, houses, and geographical landmarks (i.e., Horsetooth Reservoir, Mt. Adams, etc.) Provide this in the video whenever is appropriate and doesn’t detract from what your focus is, the UFO.

Forneça pontos visuais de referência para comparação. Isso inclui o horizonte, cimo das árvores, postes de iluminação, pontos de referência geográficos (como o Reservatório de Horsetooth, Mone Adams, etc) Forneça esses pontos no vídeo sempre que for apropriado e não se distraia do que é o seu foco, o UFO/a Nave.

Narrate your videotape. Provide details of the date, time, location, and direction (N,S,E,W) you are looking in. Provide your observations on the weather, including approximate temperature, windspeed, any visible cloud cover or noticeable weather anomalies or events. Narrate on the shape, size, color, movements, approximate altitude of the UFO, etc and what it appears to be doing. Also include any unusual physical, psychological or emotional sensations you might have. Narrate any visual reference points on camera so they correlate with what the viewer will see, and thereby will be better able to understand.

Faça a narração do vídeo. Forneça pormenores sobre a data, hora, local e direcção (Norte, Sul, Este, Oeste) que está a observar. Faça observações sobre as condições atmosféricas, incluindo a temperatura aproximada, velocidade do vento, quantidade de nuvens, anomalias ou acontecimentos meteorológicos evidentes. Descreva a forma, o tamanho, a cor, os movimentos, a altitude aproximada onde se encontra o UFO/nave, etc e o que aparenta estar a fazer. Inclua também quaisquer aspectos pouco habituais de sensações físicas, psicológicas ou emocionais que possa ter. Faça a narração de todos os pontos de referência visual que o espectador irá ver e que, deste modo, será capaz de compreender melhor.

Be persistent and consistent. Return to the scene to videotape and record at this same location. If you have been successful once, the UFO sightings may be occurring in this region regularly, perhaps for specific reasons unknown, and you may be successful again. You may also wish to return to the same location at a different time of day (daylight hours) for better orientation and reference. Film just a minute or two under “normal” circumstances for comparison. Write down what you remember immediately after. As soon as you are done recording the experience/event, immediately write down your impressions, memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. so it is on the record in writing. If there were other witnesses, have them independently record their own impressions, thoughts, etc. Include in this exercise any drawings, sketches, or diagrams. Make sure you date and sign your documentation.

Seja persistente e não contraditório. Volte ao local da cena e registe o mesmo local. Se foi bem sucedido uma vez, pode ser que nessa região ocorram avistamentos de UFOs/naves com regularidade, talvez por razões específicas desconhecidas, e talvez possa ser novamente bem sucedido. Pode também desejar voltar ao mesmo lugar a horas diferentes do dia (durante as horas de luz)para ter uma orientação e referência melhor. Filme apenas um ,inuto ou dois em circunstâncias “normais” para ter um termo de comparação. Escreva tudo o que viu imediatamente após o acontecimento. Logo após ter feito o registo da experiência/acontecimento, escreva imediatamente as impressões, memórias, pensamentos, emoções, etc para que fiquem registadas por escrito. Se houver outras testemunhas, peça-lhes para registar independentemente as suas próprias impressões, pensamentos, etc. Inclua quaisquer desenhos, esbolos, diagramas. Certifique-se que data e assina o seu documento/testemunho.

Always be prepared. Have a digital camera or better yet a video camera with you, charged and ready to go, at all times. Make sure you know how to use your camera (and your cell phone video/photo camera) quickly and properly. These events can occur suddenly, unexpectedly, and often quite randomly, so you will need to be prepared.

Esteja sempre preparado, Tenha sempre uma camera digital, melhor ainda, uma camera vídeo consigo, carregada e pronta a usar sempre que necessário. Certifique-se que sabe como lidar com a sua camera (ou com o seu celular/camera fotográfica) rápida e adequadamente. Esses acontecimentos podem acontecer súbita e inesperadamente e, por vezes, acidentalmente, por isso, necessita estar preparado.

Look up. Be prepared. Report. Share.

Olhe para cima, Esteja preparado, Relate, Partilhe.



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