Identical Twins Reared Apart
Human monozygotic (MZ) twins account for 1 in 250 live births. The origin of MZ twins is attributed to two or more daughter cells of a single zygote (fertilized egg) undergoing independent cell divisions, leading to independent development and births.
Although they are considered genetically identical at birth, significant differences between MZ twins may exist, becoming more evident with age. But the main focus of study has been on the remarkable similarities which involve complex behaviors, personality and interests. These are, after all, strategies that humans use to survive conflicts.
The Minnesota Twins, as they are known, are perhaps the most reported case involving two male babies who were monozygotic twins, separated at when they were only 4 months old, and each adopted by a different family.
At age five, Lewis learned that he had a twin, but he said that the notion never truly "soaked in" until he was 38 years old. Springer learned of his twin sibling at age eight, but both he and his adoptive parents believed the sibling had died. The two were finally reunited at age 39. The similarities the twins shared not only amazed one another, but researchers at the University of Minnesota as well. The very fact that you had twin siblings separated at birth bearing the same name, both 6 feet tall and weighing exactly 180 pounds is pretty incredible. But there's more.
Consider these coincidences:
The Jims, like other identical twins, are not carbon copies of each other. Some obvious differences were discovered. Each styled his hair differently; one Jim wore it combed straight, hanging down over his forehead and the other Jim wore it combed back and sported sideburns. One Jim more clearly conveyed himself through speech, while the other was better suited to writing. While both Jims had been married twice, one Jim had taken vows with a third wife (called "Sandy").
Daphne and Barbara are also examples of subtle behaviors that are apparently transmitted through genes.
Daphne Goodship and Barbara Herbert first met when they were 40. Debbie was raised Jewish and Sharon was raised Catholic.
According to Barbara, "We discovered we had a miscarriage the same year, followed by two boys and a girl in that order."
They joke that they've also cooked the same meal from the same recipe book on the same day, without knowing it. Daphne and Barbara have been called the "giggle twins" because they laugh and fold their arms the same way.
Identical twins Tom Patterson and Steve Tazumi met four years ago. Tom is from rural Kansas, he was raised Christian and his parents were janitors. Steve, raised as a Buddhist, lives in Philadelphia. His father was a pharmacist.
However, Tom and Steve chose the same careers. "It's phenomenal," says Steve. "He owned a body building gym and I owned a body building gym. We're both 100 percent into fitness."
But there are differences in these twins, too. Steve says he's more party oriented while Tom is more family oriented.
Heredity vs Environment
Although there is ample documentation for these similar personality traits in identical twins, it is not without some controversy. In her book Identical Twins Reared Apart: A Reanalysis, Susan Farber noted that many of the cases studied were based on subjects who were recruited by asking television viewers to refer people who were identical twins. She claimed that these twins would have been the most obvious to look and act similar. In other words, the selection was not unbiased. She attempted to set the record straight and based her own research on a study that selected twin births from the Danish registry, between 1954 and 1959, and found 12 identical twins that were reared apart.
Farber summarized her review by stating that identical twins who shared the same home life were almost 80% similar, while those reared apart were only 60% alike. Although this certainly proves that environment has a role in shaping behavior, it still makes a strong case for genetics. In the examples above, interests, professions, and even the way we laugh seems to be encoded in our genes. Yet, the environment can modulate this genetic expression. How is that achieved?
Friday, October 3, 2014
2014 By Gary Vey Inherited Programming: How does it work? Part 1
SUBTITLES IN ENGLISH, ESPAÑOL, PORTUGUÊS
Click upon the circle after the small square for captions
How to Digitally Record/Video a UFO sighting:
Como registar digitalmente ou gravar um vídeo de um avistamento de um UFO:
Stabilize the camera on a tripod. If there is no tripod, then set it on top of a stable, flat surface. If that is not possible lean against a wall to stabilize your body and prevent the camera from filming in a shaky, unsteady manner.
Estabilize a camera com um tripé. Se não tiver um tripé, então coloque-a em cima de uma superfície estável. Se não for possível, então encoste-se a uma parede para estabilizar o corpo e evitar que a camera registe de maneira tremida e instável.
Provide visual reference points for comparison. This includes the horizon, treetops, lampposts, houses, and geographical landmarks (i.e., Horsetooth Reservoir, Mt. Adams, etc.) Provide this in the video whenever is appropriate and doesn’t detract from what your focus is, the UFO.
Forneça pontos visuais de referência para comparação. Isso inclui o horizonte, cimo das árvores, postes de iluminação, pontos de referência geográficos (como o Reservatório de Horsetooth, Mone Adams, etc) Forneça esses pontos no vídeo sempre que for apropriado e não se distraia do que é o seu foco, o UFO/a Nave.
Narrate your videotape. Provide details of the date, time, location, and direction (N,S,E,W) you are looking in. Provide your observations on the weather, including approximate temperature, windspeed, any visible cloud cover or noticeable weather anomalies or events. Narrate on the shape, size, color, movements, approximate altitude of the UFO, etc and what it appears to be doing. Also include any unusual physical, psychological or emotional sensations you might have. Narrate any visual reference points on camera so they correlate with what the viewer will see, and thereby will be better able to understand.
Faça a narração do vídeo. Forneça pormenores sobre a data, hora, local e direcção (Norte, Sul, Este, Oeste) que está a observar. Faça observações sobre as condições atmosféricas, incluindo a temperatura aproximada, velocidade do vento, quantidade de nuvens, anomalias ou acontecimentos meteorológicos evidentes. Descreva a forma, o tamanho, a cor, os movimentos, a altitude aproximada onde se encontra o UFO/nave, etc e o que aparenta estar a fazer. Inclua também quaisquer aspectos pouco habituais de sensações físicas, psicológicas ou emocionais que possa ter. Faça a narração de todos os pontos de referência visual que o espectador irá ver e que, deste modo, será capaz de compreender melhor.
Be persistent and consistent. Return to the scene to videotape and record at this same location. If you have been successful once, the UFO sightings may be occurring in this region regularly, perhaps for specific reasons unknown, and you may be successful again. You may also wish to return to the same location at a different time of day (daylight hours) for better orientation and reference. Film just a minute or two under “normal” circumstances for comparison. Write down what you remember immediately after. As soon as you are done recording the experience/event, immediately write down your impressions, memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. so it is on the record in writing. If there were other witnesses, have them independently record their own impressions, thoughts, etc. Include in this exercise any drawings, sketches, or diagrams. Make sure you date and sign your documentation.
Seja persistente e não contraditório. Volte ao local da cena e registe o mesmo local. Se foi bem sucedido uma vez, pode ser que nessa região ocorram avistamentos de UFOs/naves com regularidade, talvez por razões específicas desconhecidas, e talvez possa ser novamente bem sucedido. Pode também desejar voltar ao mesmo lugar a horas diferentes do dia (durante as horas de luz)para ter uma orientação e referência melhor. Filme apenas um ,inuto ou dois em circunstâncias “normais” para ter um termo de comparação. Escreva tudo o que viu imediatamente após o acontecimento. Logo após ter feito o registo da experiência/acontecimento, escreva imediatamente as impressões, memórias, pensamentos, emoções, etc para que fiquem registadas por escrito. Se houver outras testemunhas, peça-lhes para registar independentemente as suas próprias impressões, pensamentos, etc. Inclua quaisquer desenhos, esbolos, diagramas. Certifique-se que data e assina o seu documento/testemunho.
Always be prepared. Have a digital camera or better yet a video camera with you, charged and ready to go, at all times. Make sure you know how to use your camera (and your cell phone video/photo camera) quickly and properly. These events can occur suddenly, unexpectedly, and often quite randomly, so you will need to be prepared.
Esteja sempre preparado, Tenha sempre uma camera digital, melhor ainda, uma camera vídeo consigo, carregada e pronta a usar sempre que necessário. Certifique-se que sabe como lidar com a sua camera (ou com o seu celular/camera fotográfica) rápida e adequadamente. Esses acontecimentos podem acontecer súbita e inesperadamente e, por vezes, acidentalmente, por isso, necessita estar preparado.
Look up. Be prepared. Report. Share.
Olhe para cima, Esteja preparado, Relate, Partilhe.
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