Tuesday, December 22, 2009

Dec. 21 - Opinion: The era of cheap water is over‏

Dear Friends,

Be Well.

Opinion: The era of cheap water is over

Dec 18, 2009 by Donald Appel

Mexico City's water shortage could be the future of all big cities of the world if nothing is done to halt the irresponsible and foolish use of our natural resources.

How's your water? The lack of water is a problem worldwide, But for a large city, it's a tragic situation. Mexico City, the largest city in the world, over twenty million people, has a chronic water shortage. Many parts of the city occasionally are without water. I live in an area that would be considered the upper east side of New York; many large apartment buildings, tall Skyscrapers, and middle-to-upper-class homes, and the water situation is acute At times we do not know if today we can take a shower or flush our toilets. One of the resources one has in this situation is to buy water by the tank truck load, but it has been found that some of that water is contaminated with E-colon and feces. The other alternative is buy containers of water form the corner grocer. none of these a satisfactory solution. It is ironic when you consider that Mexico City was founded in a large lake, in fact, without a huge water drainage system, Mexico City would be a huge lake again. One of my neighbors, a long time resident of Mexico told me that the annual rain fall is three times the annual requirements for the city, but very little of this annual rain fall is stored. I can believe his account since during the rainy season I witness it to rain every day for several hours. Mexico is a tropical city and has only two seasons: a six month rainy season and a six month dry season.
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The original city of Mexico as created by the Mayans

Yet no one in a modern country or city needs to be without water. All the water we use is recoverable. There are efficient and inexpensive systems available to recycle water but this will require a whole new system for storing and distributing water and new technology. Nature does it. How many times has the water on this earth been recycled by nature? There is no new water coming to us from outer space. Unfortunately, our cause of shortage is the way we think of all natural resources, as if it is a free gift from the universe and that it is unlimited and we don't want to pay for. One of the main problems in the Federal District is leakage from its antiquated water system and the recent drought. The cause of the rupturing of pipes is due to the sinking of the city, the result of over exploiting the aquifer that is under the city. In the last century the city center has sunk 7.5 meters (27.6 ft,). Another part of the problem is, the water system in Mexico is government owned and highly subsidizing Over one billion a year is spent by the Mexican government subsidizing the water supply and sanitation system. In the Federal District the cost is roughly $125 per person (World Bank, 1992) but Only $0.10 is collected per cubic meter of water in the Federal District. It costs $1.00 per cubic meter (3.38 cubic ft.) to supply water in the Federal District; this results in terribly underfunding for the repairs that need to be done to the system In the United States, Phoenix collects about $0.25 per cubic meter (World Bank, 1992). Urban water districts in Southern California purchase imported water at about $0.33 per cubic meter (1994 prices), and residential rates vary from about $0.22 at the Irvine Ranch Water District, which has access to local ground water, to about $0.46 per cubic meter for the City of San Diego, which imports nearly all its water.

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A child walks close to a measuring pile at the lake reservoir, in Villa Victoria, outside of Mexico City, on April 7, 2009.

Authorities reported on Tuesday this will be one of the most serious water shortages in recent memory.

Almost seventy-two percent of the city's water supply comes from the Mexico City Aquifer, which underlies the metropolitan area and which is being substantially over-exploited. Ground water levels have been declining over the course of the past century, resulting in regional land subsidence. This subsidence which has lowered the city center area by an average of 7.5 meters, exacerbates the flood-prone conditions of the city and has damaged the infrastructure,including water and sewer lines. Mexico City suffers from uncontrolled growth and over centralization For historical and political reasons, Mexico government is very centralized, in spite of efforts made by the government in recent years to move towards decentralization. Consequently, government services and industrial development are concentrated in Mexico City. Forty-five percent of the country's industrial activity and 38 percent of its gross national product are located there. The city houses nearly all government offices, international businesses, cultural activities, and the most important universities and research institutions. Rapid growth over the past 50 years has been characterized both by planned urban and residential areas for the middle and upper class, and by unplanned and illegal land appropriations by immigrants to the peripheral areas. Over time, government authorities have intervened in these irregular settlements to supply urban services, including water supply; although, the services remain inadequate for long periods of time. I think we can can take note of Mexico City's plight, this could be the plight of many Urban areas. There is not an unlimited supply of natural resources. To long we have treated natural resources, as might be stated in the form of a Balance Sheet, as income, not as Capital, which it is. We have spent and spent what nature has given us like a drunken sailor and now the Balance Sheet is nearly bankrupt. As the world population has increased, we abused our supply. As a Balance Sheet will show, there is no "free ride" We are going to have to act as responsible people and take responsibility for what we have done. The day of cheap water, and cheap everything is over and we need to step up to the plate and do that we need to do in order to survive. Maybe our standard of living will need to take a step back and also to use the technology that we have in order make it possible for future generations to enjoy all the good things that our generation has enjoyed. No longer can we afford use only "capitalism's" philosophy of "greed, exploitation and profit." we need to do what we need to do an to "pay the piper"

This opinion article was written by an independent writer. The opinions and views expressed herein are those of the author and are not necessarily intended to reflect those of

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How to Digitally Record/Video a UFO sighting:

Como registar digitalmente ou gravar um vídeo de um avistamento de um UFO:

Stabilize the camera on a tripod. If there is no tripod, then set it on top of a stable, flat surface. If that is not possible lean against a wall to stabilize your body and prevent the camera from filming in a shaky, unsteady manner.

Estabilize a camera com um tripé. Se não tiver um tripé, então coloque-a em cima de uma superfície estável. Se não for possível, então encoste-se a uma parede para estabilizar o corpo e evitar que a camera registe de maneira tremida e instável.

Provide visual reference points for comparison. This includes the horizon, treetops, lampposts, houses, and geographical landmarks (i.e., Horsetooth Reservoir, Mt. Adams, etc.) Provide this in the video whenever is appropriate and doesn’t detract from what your focus is, the UFO.

Forneça pontos visuais de referência para comparação. Isso inclui o horizonte, cimo das árvores, postes de iluminação, pontos de referência geográficos (como o Reservatório de Horsetooth, Mone Adams, etc) Forneça esses pontos no vídeo sempre que for apropriado e não se distraia do que é o seu foco, o UFO/a Nave.

Narrate your videotape. Provide details of the date, time, location, and direction (N,S,E,W) you are looking in. Provide your observations on the weather, including approximate temperature, windspeed, any visible cloud cover or noticeable weather anomalies or events. Narrate on the shape, size, color, movements, approximate altitude of the UFO, etc and what it appears to be doing. Also include any unusual physical, psychological or emotional sensations you might have. Narrate any visual reference points on camera so they correlate with what the viewer will see, and thereby will be better able to understand.

Faça a narração do vídeo. Forneça pormenores sobre a data, hora, local e direcção (Norte, Sul, Este, Oeste) que está a observar. Faça observações sobre as condições atmosféricas, incluindo a temperatura aproximada, velocidade do vento, quantidade de nuvens, anomalias ou acontecimentos meteorológicos evidentes. Descreva a forma, o tamanho, a cor, os movimentos, a altitude aproximada onde se encontra o UFO/nave, etc e o que aparenta estar a fazer. Inclua também quaisquer aspectos pouco habituais de sensações físicas, psicológicas ou emocionais que possa ter. Faça a narração de todos os pontos de referência visual que o espectador irá ver e que, deste modo, será capaz de compreender melhor.

Be persistent and consistent. Return to the scene to videotape and record at this same location. If you have been successful once, the UFO sightings may be occurring in this region regularly, perhaps for specific reasons unknown, and you may be successful again. You may also wish to return to the same location at a different time of day (daylight hours) for better orientation and reference. Film just a minute or two under “normal” circumstances for comparison. Write down what you remember immediately after. As soon as you are done recording the experience/event, immediately write down your impressions, memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. so it is on the record in writing. If there were other witnesses, have them independently record their own impressions, thoughts, etc. Include in this exercise any drawings, sketches, or diagrams. Make sure you date and sign your documentation.

Seja persistente e não contraditório. Volte ao local da cena e registe o mesmo local. Se foi bem sucedido uma vez, pode ser que nessa região ocorram avistamentos de UFOs/naves com regularidade, talvez por razões específicas desconhecidas, e talvez possa ser novamente bem sucedido. Pode também desejar voltar ao mesmo lugar a horas diferentes do dia (durante as horas de luz)para ter uma orientação e referência melhor. Filme apenas um ,inuto ou dois em circunstâncias “normais” para ter um termo de comparação. Escreva tudo o que viu imediatamente após o acontecimento. Logo após ter feito o registo da experiência/acontecimento, escreva imediatamente as impressões, memórias, pensamentos, emoções, etc para que fiquem registadas por escrito. Se houver outras testemunhas, peça-lhes para registar independentemente as suas próprias impressões, pensamentos, etc. Inclua quaisquer desenhos, esbolos, diagramas. Certifique-se que data e assina o seu documento/testemunho.

Always be prepared. Have a digital camera or better yet a video camera with you, charged and ready to go, at all times. Make sure you know how to use your camera (and your cell phone video/photo camera) quickly and properly. These events can occur suddenly, unexpectedly, and often quite randomly, so you will need to be prepared.

Esteja sempre preparado, Tenha sempre uma camera digital, melhor ainda, uma camera vídeo consigo, carregada e pronta a usar sempre que necessário. Certifique-se que sabe como lidar com a sua camera (ou com o seu celular/camera fotográfica) rápida e adequadamente. Esses acontecimentos podem acontecer súbita e inesperadamente e, por vezes, acidentalmente, por isso, necessita estar preparado.

Look up. Be prepared. Report. Share.

Olhe para cima, Esteja preparado, Relate, Partilhe.



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What time is Around the World?


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